What Do Your Hormones Have To Do With Your Oral Health? 

Hormones play a significant role in various aspects of oral health, particularly in women, due to their hormonal fluctuations during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause. Here's how hormones can affect oral health: 

Puberty: During puberty, hormonal changes can lead to an increased risk of gum inflammation and gingivitis. This is because hormonal fluctuations can make the gums more sensitive to plaque and bacteria, leading to inflammation and bleeding. 

Menstruation: Some women may experience changes in oral health during their menstrual cycle, such as swollen or bleeding gums, canker sores, or heightened sensitivity. These symptoms are often related to hormonal fluctuations and typically resolve on their own after menstruation. 

Pregnancy: Pregnancy hormones, particularly estrogen and progesterone, can affect oral health in several ways. Pregnant women may be more prone to gingivitis, pregnancy gingivitis, or pregnancy tumors (non-cancerous growths on the gums). 

Menopause: Hormonal changes during menopause can lead to oral health issues such as dry mouth (xerostomia), burning mouth syndrome, altered taste perception, and an increased risk of gum disease and tooth loss. 

Oral Contraceptives: Birth control pills containing estrogen and progesterone can affect oral health by increasing the risk of gum inflammation, gingivitis, and oral contraceptive-associated gingivitis. 

Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT): Women undergoing hormone replacement therapy for menopausal symptoms may experience changes in oral health similar to those experienced during menopause. 

Overall, hormonal fluctuations can significantly impact oral health by affecting gum health, saliva production, and bone density in the jaw. Practicing good oral hygiene, including regular brushing, flossing, and dental check-ups, is essential for maintaining optimal oral health, particularly during times of hormonal changes. 

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